The Formation of the Tribes of Mankind

The myth as recorded in Philippine Folk Literature: The Myths (1994)
Away in the dim past, there lived two people. One of them was named Sikabay and other Sikalake. One came from the nodules of the spiny bamboo. In another place of the world, at the same time, there lived a great man of magic. He could, in one way or another, change stones or some other objects into animate beings.

The wizard called Sibu Inoptan had the form of a crocodile (cayman). One time Sikalake and Sikabay had to cross a wide river. Having seen them and knowing he needed them, he approached them and struck them hard with a wag of his tail. And when they were already in the water, he dragged them and immediately placed them in the hollow of his back, called latok latokan, and he took them to the depths of the river. He placed them there in a great cave, and by means of his magic, brought them back to life.

With the charms and other magic arts which he received from the devil, Sibu Inoptan gave them back ther lives. He changed stones into plants. He certainly had the magic power to make plants and stones and great trees.

Many years and centuries passed. Sikalake and Sikabay married and several offsprings came from the union. And they were so numerous that their parents could not give them enough food for subsistence. They were very lazy. They never worked nor did anything to help. One time Sikalake ordered his children to work and help in the cultivation of a field, for he was to prepare another one. When the old couple returned from their work, they wanted to eat and, finding that all the food had been eaten by their lazy children, their fury mounted. Their anger rose and they grabbed the ladle and started to give blows to everyone. This they did with all their might. Some of the children hid under the so-called lanapos, three others went to the kitched where they hid; and the others who fled to the roofs hid themselves in the trees; others hid in the mountains; and still others ran to the seashores.

Those who hid under the lankapos (bamboo benches) became the olipons (slaves); those who hid behind the stove in the kitched were called atas (Negritos); those who concealed themselves in the trees were called the timauas (freemen) for they were poor and destitute of fortunes; and those who fled to the mountains became known as the Igneinas, or those that were destined to work in the land; and those who went to the shores were called Jiguesinas or fishermen.

And thus the world was peopled with various races and colors and those inhabited the various places of the world.
Eugenio, D. L. (1994). Philippine Folk Literature: The Myths. University of the Philippine Press.

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